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Atrium pilot experience in Győr: "Our architectural and cultural heritages from the 20th century"

by Tamás Horváth

Photos were taken by András Nagy and Tamás Horváth

In the ATRIUM cooperation two Hungarian partners are presented: the Széchenyi István University in Győr and the Municipality of Győr. Closing the project the Hungarian partners organized an event series called „Our Architectural and Cultural Heritages from the 20th Century”. The program aimed to demonstrate how much interesting relations could be found in Győr in the subject of ATRIUM (Architecture of Totalitarian Regimes of the XXth Century in Urban Management). Programs were not concentrated only to the architecture. Several events presented the effects of the totalitarian regimes in the other segments of the culture (e.g.: theatre, fine arts, movies, culture history).

The organization of the event series started in July on the experiences of the Italian ATRIUM Festival, which were organized in Folrì in June. Our events were between 12th of September and 3rd of October. One basic site of the event series was the Architectural Studio of the Széchenyi István University, but several other scene and organizations were involved in the program as could be seen in the leaflet.

The most visited events are: The architectural scientific conference called “Architectural heritages from the second part of the XXth century” where researchers were invited to have a lecture. Lecturers represented several different research centres of Hungary. In the conference package the guests got all the written materials which were presented in the ATRIUM project in Hungary: Transnational Survey brochure with a study about the building history of Győr written by Gábor Winkler, Manual of Wise Management published by the University of Ljubljana, a brochure about the building history of Dunaújváros written by Tibor Kuslits and the ATRIUM Route brochure published by the Municipality of Velenje.

In collaboration with the Italian Spaci Indecisi a photo and video competition was established in the first part of 2013 with the title TOTALLY LOST. An exhibition of the selected works was organized in Győr in the County Library with the same title. The photos indicate undeservedly abandoned buildings which cannot or not willing to be utilized by posterity due to the historic events or era related to them. The aim of the exhibition is to draw attention to the preservation and utilization of the 20th century architectural heritage. The architect, András Nagy’s photos about Győr complement the photos arrived for the exhibition. His photos show a look-round about the condition and state of the 20th century buildings of Győr.

In September of each year several events are organized for the European Heritage Days. This year they were held on 21st and 22nd of September. This weekend ATRIUM project offered programs for the tourists and citizens. They could visit with guidance some modern building of Győr and some exhibitions of the museums of Győr. The two most interesting events were the church tour by bycicle on Saturday organized by the Baross Gábor Technical Collage, and the city walk in the Sunday afternoon guided by Gábor Winkler.

On 28th of September a bus tour to Dunaújváros was organized together with the Chamber of Architects. Participants visited the steel city built up from Dunapentele to Dunaújváros in the 1950s due to the order of the authority. They walked along the ‘soc-real study path’ with the architect Tibor Kuslits. Dunaújváros shows the features of the art of socialism as a whole, nowhere else can you find such an essence of social realist art. On the way back the collection of the works of art in the Memento Park of South Buda was visited. 42 works of art can be found in the Park, which were displayed in the streets and public squares of Budapest between 1945-1989 according to the requirements and expectations of the cultural policy of communism.

The Hungarian event series as a pilot experience of the ATRIUM European Cultural Route could demonstrate properly the architectural and cultural heritages of the Hungarian totalitarian regimes which are one base of the ATRIUM Route. In the programs were involved several external partners who are interested in the promotion of the ATRIUM. The established relations – thanks to the pilot experience – are really valuables for the creation and operation of the ATRIUM Route.

'Totally-lost' exhibition


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